Perkembangan Komputer dari Komputer besar (Mainframe) menjadi Laptop.

Perkembangan komputer dari komputer besar (mainframe) hingga smartphone dipengaruhi oleh banyak faktor, termasuk kemajuan teknologi, permintaan pasar, termasuk juga perubahan gaya hidup pengguna. Berikut adalah gambaran umum tentang perkembangan ini:

  1. Komputer besar (Mainframe): Komputer besar atau mainframe dikembangkan pada tahun 1940-an dan 1950-an. Komputer ini sangat besar dan berat, memakan ruang yang besar dan memerlukan pendingin udara khusus untuk menjaga suhu. Mereka digunakan terutama oleh perusahaan besar dan pemerintah untuk memproses data.
  2. Desktop: Pada tahun 1970-an, komputer desktop mulai diperkenalkan. Komputer desktop memiliki bentuk yang lebih kecil dan lebih ringan daripada mainframe. Mereka juga lebih mudah dipasang dan dikonfigurasi oleh pengguna akhir.
  3. Laptop: Pada tahun 1980-an, laptop atau notebook mulai dikembangkan. Laptop adalah komputer portabel yang ringan dan mudah dibawa-bawa. Mereka sangat populer di kalangan profesional yang membutuhkan komputer yang dapat dibawa ke mana saja.
  4. Personal Digital Assistant (PDA): PDA adalah perangkat portabel yang muncul pada tahun 1990-an. Mereka memiliki ukuran yang lebih kecil daripada laptop dan umumnya digunakan untuk mengatur jadwal, menulis catatan, dan mengelola kontak.
  5. Smartphone: Pada tahun 2000-an, smartphone mulai muncul. Smartphone adalah perangkat portabel yang berukuran kecil dan ringan, namun memiliki kemampuan seperti komputer. Mereka biasanya memiliki layar sentuh dan dapat melakukan banyak tugas, termasuk menjelajah web, menonton video, mengambil foto, dan mengirim pesan teks.
  6. Tablet: Tablet adalah bentuk baru dari komputer portabel yang muncul pada awal 2010-an. Tablet tidak memiliki keyboard fisik dan biasanya mengandalkan layar sentuh. Mereka sangat populer di kalangan pengguna yang menginginkan komputer yang ringkas dan mudah digunakan untuk tugas-tugas seperti browsing web, menonton video, dan membaca buku elektronik.

Perkembangan teknologi ini terus berlanjut dan kita mungkin akan melihat lebih banyak bentuk baru dari perangkat portabel di masa depan.

Lalu bagaimana dengan smartphone dan tablet. Handphone (HP) atau smartphone dan tablet bukanlah komputer dalam arti yang sebenarnya. Namun, sebenarnya smartphone dan tablet adalah jenis komputer yang terkecil alias portabel.

Smartphone dan tablet memang memiliki kemampuan komputasi yang cukup baik seperti komputer, seperti dapat menjalankan aplikasi, melakukan pengolahan data, dan mengakses internet. Namun, smartphone dan tablet juga memiliki beberapa batasan dalam hal kemampuan perangkat keras dan perangkat lunak yang tersedia, serta memiliki layar yang lebih kecil, keyboard virtual, dan baterai yang lebih kecil daripada komputer desktop atau laptop.

Berikut adalah beberapa perbedaan antara smartphone, tablet, dan komputer:

  1. Ukuran dan portabilitas: Smartphone adalah perangkat yang paling kecil dan portabel, dengan layar biasanya sekitar 4-6 inci. Tablet lebih besar daripada smartphone, dengan layar yang biasanya sekitar 7-13 inci. Sedangkan, komputer desktop atau laptop biasanya lebih besar dan lebih berat, dengan ukuran layar yang lebih besar.
  2. Metode input: Smartphone dan tablet menggunakan layar sentuh sebagai metode input utama, sementara komputer desktop atau laptop menggunakan keyboard dan mouse sebagai metode input utama.
  3. Kemampuan perangkat keras: Smartphone dan tablet memiliki kemampuan perangkat keras yang lebih terbatas daripada komputer desktop atau laptop. Mereka biasanya memiliki RAM dan penyimpanan yang lebih sedikit, serta keterbatasan dalam hal kemampuan pemrosesan dan kartu grafis.
  4. Sistem operasi dan aplikasi: Smartphone dan tablet biasanya menggunakan sistem operasi mobile, seperti iOS atau Android, sementara komputer desktop atau laptop menggunakan sistem operasi desktop, seperti Windows atau macOS. Karena perbedaan sistem operasi, aplikasi yang dapat diinstal di smartphone dan tablet terbatas pada aplikasi mobile, sementara komputer desktop atau laptop dapat menginstal aplikasi desktop dan mobile.
  5. Tujuan penggunaan: Smartphone dan tablet lebih cocok untuk digunakan untuk keperluan mobilitas, seperti mengakses email, browsing internet, membaca buku, menonton video, dan menjalankan aplikasi mobile. Sedangkan, komputer desktop atau laptop lebih cocok untuk digunakan untuk pekerjaan produktivitas seperti pengolahan data, pemrograman, dan desain grafis.

Salam Guru Milenial

Media Belajar, Berbagi, dan Semoga Menginspirasi Indonesia

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